First Aid Presentation by the Owl Patrol - Wood Badge W6-10-12-5
The following is information presented by the Owl Patrol regarding first aid throughout Scouting. Includes information for rank advancement, awards, merit badges and special honors.
Cub Scout First Aid Tiger, Wolf and Bear focus on hazard recognition and safety.
Webelos First Aid The Webelos Scout learns some first aid skills as part of the ReadyMan Activity Badge.
The First Aid Requirements in the ReadyMan badge are:
- Explain what first aid is. Tell what you should do after an accident.
- Explain how you can get help quickly if there is an emergency in your home.
- Demonstrate the abdominal thrusts and tell when they is used.
- Show what to do for these "hurry cases":
o Serious bleeding
o Stopped breathing
o Internal poisoning
o Heart attack
- Show how to treat shock.
- Show first aid for the following:
o Cuts and scratches
o Burns and scalds
o Blisters on the hand and foot
o Tick bites
o Bites and stings of insects other than ticks
o Poisonous snakebite
- Explain how to use each item in a first aid kit.
- Attend a first aid demonstration at a Boy Scout troop meeting, a Red Cross center, or other community event or place.
The final two requirements are part of a list where the scout can choose two requirements from the longer list.
Boy Scouts - Tenderfoot, Second and First Classes
Tenderfoot Rank Requirements Demonstrate how to care for someone who is choking.
Show first aid for the following: Simple cuts and scrapes
Blisters on the hand and foot. Minor (thermal/heat) burns or scalds (superficial, or first-degree)
Bites or stings of insects and ticks
Frostbite and sunburn
Second Class Rank Requirements 7a.
Show what to do for “hurry” cases of stopped breathing, serious bleeding, and ingested poisoning.
Prepare a personal first-aid kit to take with you on a hike.
Demonstrate first aid for the following:
Object in the eye
Bite of a suspected rabid animal
Puncture wounds from a splinter, nail, and fishhook
Serious burns (partial thickness, or second-degree)
Heatstroke, dehydration, hypothermia, and hyperventilation
First Class Rank Requirements 8b.
Demonstrate bandages for a sprained ankle and for injuries on the head, the upper arm, and the collarbone.
Show how to transport by yourself, and with one other person, a person
From a smoke-filled room
With a sprained ankle, for at least 25 yards
Tell the five most common signals of a heart attack. Explain the steps (procedures) in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
First Aid MB
First Aid merit badge requirements 1. Satisfy your counselor that you have current knowledge of all first aid requirements for Tenderfoot Rank, Second Class Rank, and First Class Rank.
2. Do the following:
a. Explain how you would obtain emergency medical assistance from your home, on a wilderness camping trip, and during an activity on open water.
b. Explain the term triage.
c. Explain the standard precautions as applied to bloodborne pathogens.
d. Prepare a first aid kit for your home. Display and discuss its contents with your counselor.
3. Do the following:
a. Explain what action you should take for someone who shows signals of shock, for someone who shows signals of a heart attack, and for someone who shows signals of stroke.
b. Identify the conditions that must exist before performing CPR on a person. Then demonstrate proper technique in performing CPR using a training device approved by your counselor.
c. Explain the use of an automated external defibrillator (AED).
d. Show the steps that need to be taken for someone suffering from a severe cut on the leg and on the wrist. Tell the dangers in the use of a tourniquet and the conditions under which its use is justified.
e. Explain when a bee sting could be life threatening and what action should be taken for prevention and for first aid.
f. Explain the symptoms of heatstroke and what action needs to be taken for first aid and for prevention.
4. Do the following:
a. Describe the signals of a broken bone. Show first aid procedures for handling fractures (broken bones), including open (compound) fractures of the forearm, wrist, upper leg, and lower leg using improvised materials.
b. Describe the symptoms and possible complications and demonstrate proper procedures for treating suspected injuries to the head, neck, and back. Explain what measures should be taken to reduce the possibility of further complicating these injuries.
5. Describe the symptoms, proper first aid procedures, and possible prevention measures for the following conditions:
b. Convulsions / seizures
e. Bruises, strains, sprains
g. Abdominal pain
h. Broken, chipped, or loosened tooth
i. Knocked out tooth
j. Muscle cramps
6. Do TWO of the following:
a. If a sick or injured person must be moved, tell how you would determine the best method. Demonstrate this method.
b. With helpers under your supervision, improvise a stretcher and move a presumably unconscious person.
c. With your counselor's approval, arrange a visit with your patrol or troop to an emergency medical facility or through an American Red Cross chapter for a demonstration of how an AED is used.
7. Teach another Scout a first-aid skill selected by your counselor.
Lifesaving Merit Badge The Lifesaving merit badge has many parts to it in relation to swimming rescue and safety. Following are the first aid requirements within this Eagle required merit badge:
13. Demonstrate knowledge of resuscitation procedures:
a. Describe how to recognize the need for rescue breathing and CPR.
b. Demonstrate proper CPR technique for at least 3 minutes using a mannequin designed to simulate ventilations and compressions.
14. Demonstrate management of a spinal injury:
a. Explain the signs and symptoms of a spinal injury.
b. Support a faceup victim in calm, shallow water.
c. Turn a subject from a facedown to a faceup position while maintaining support.
15. Show that you know first aid for other injuries or illness that could occur while swimming or boating, including hypothermia, heat reactions, muscle cramps, sunburn, stings and hyperventilation.
BSA Lifeguard Award
The BSA Lifeguard Award has many requirements that must be completed. They include but are not limited to an expanded swim test (550 yards, treading water and more), demonstration of rescue techniques, and the stabilization of a person with a spinal injury. The course as scheduled normally in the Grand Canyon Council is approximately 32 hours long and you are still not finished. You also need to provide evidence of current training in American Red Cross First Aid and also American Red Cross CPR/AED for the Professional Rescuer.
19. Demonstrate head-splint (extended arm rollover) in-line stabilization for a face-down subject with suspected spinal injury in very shallow water (18 inches or less).
20. Demonstrate head-splint in-line stabilization for a suspected spinal injury in shallow water (waist to chest deep):
a. For a face-up subject
b. For a face-down subject
21. Demonstrate head and chin support in-line stabilization for a suspected spinal injury in shallow water (waist to chest deep):
a. For a face-up subject
b. For a face-down subject
22. Demonstrate in-line stabilization for a suspected spinal injury in deep water, swim the subject to shallow water, confirm vital signs, and, with the assistance of three others, remove the subject from the water using a backboard with straps and a head immobilization device.
Emergency Preparedness BSA Award
The BSA Emergency Preparedness BSA award is for all levels of Scouting, from Tiger Scout through Council and District Volunteer and everything in between. Each level has its own specific requirements and the award can be earned at each level but only one pin may be worn at a time. All levels include some sort of First Aid training, be it an American Red Cross training course, earning the First Aid or Emergency Preparedness merit badges or completing a first aid/CPR course. There are various other requirements depending on what level you are earning the award including a plan for emergencies. Cub Scout age youth work on achievements, electives and activity badges depending on their Den level in addition to other requirements.
Troop and Varsity Scouts will create an emergency plan for their home and Unit’s activities. They’ll earn either the First Aid or Emergency Preparedness merit badges. And participate in an emergency preparedness training along with their Unit and leaders conducted by a community emergency preparedness agency.
Venturing Crew members need to complete the core requirements for Emergency Preparedness in the Ranger Guidebook. They also need to complete the First Aid core requirement in the Ranger Guidebook or by completing an American Red Cross Wilderness First Aid course. Or they can alternately participate in an emergency preparedness training coordinated by a community emergency preparedness agency with their crew and leaders.
Unit and Council/District volunteers need to complete three requirements specific to their position. Examples of these requirements include taking a basic first aid/CPR course, developing an emergency preparedness plan for the home and be sure all members of the household know the plan and create an emergency plan for the Unit meeting place or for a Council or District activity such as a Wood Badge course.
First Aid, CPR and WFA Training
The BSA takes the position that understanding of first-aid principles is concrete evidence that we are striving to put into action the Scouting ideal of doing a Good Turn daily, and that it helps Scouts and Scouters be prepared and be safe when helping others in need.
As stated in the The Guide to Safe Scouting, the BSA strongly recommends that “everyone” be trained in first aid and CPR.
Preliminary skills related to CPR are found in the Boy Scout Handbook and the First Aid merit badge pamphlet. The BSA believes Cub Scouts can even be taught this valuable skill in a family-type setting.
CPR may be taught by instructors currently trained by a nationally certified provider such as the American Red Cross, American Heart Association, Emergency Care and Safety Institute, or American Safety and Health Institute. The BSA strongly recommends that Scouting’s adult leaders avail themselves of CPR with automatic external defibrillator (AED) training, along with first-aid and wilderness first-aid training. Several providers are in compliance with BSA standards. Be sure to ask the desired provider if it is in compliance before completing training.
Wilderness first aid (WFA) is the assessment of and treatment given to an ill or injured person in a remote environment when a physician and/or rapid transport are not readily available.
Depending upon the event or activity planned, it may be required that at least two adults or youth (though three or more is preferable) in each touring group should have current training in CPR and WFA, know how and when to put this knowledge to use, and thoroughly understand the limitations of their knowledge. Further information and advancement in first aid may include wilderness first responder (WFR) and wilderness emergency medical technician (WEMT).
1 Source: The Guide to Safe Scouting.
BSA Ready and Prepared Award
The BSA Ready & Prepared Award was developed to encourage and reward Boy Scout troops, Varsity Scout teams, and Venturing crews that incorporate safe practices while enjoying challenging activities. The award acknowledges the common sense and judgment, founded on knowledge and training, used to incorporate risk management into a unit's decision-making process. It recognizes that the more responsibility individual members take for their personal health and safety, the more everyone contributes to a successful activity. Earning the award helps units focus on areas in which emphasizing risk management can help reduce fatalities and serious injury, such as:
· Driver and passenger safety
· BSA Youth Protection
· Precautions for aquatics activities
· Premises safety and first-aid readiness
· Personal fitness and safety
The Award There are two award levels: Gold and Silver.
To earn the Gold Award, a Boy Scout troop, Varsity Scout team, or Venturing crew must complete 10 mandatory requirements and three elective requirements. Youth and adult members of a unit earning the Gold Award are entitled to wear the gold-bordered BSA Ready & Prepared Award patch and the unit is entitled to display the gold BSA Ready & Prepared ribbon.
To earn the Silver Award, a Boy Scout troop, Varsity Scout team, or Venturing crew must complete 10 mandatory requirements and six elective requirements. Youth and adult members of a unit earning the Silver Award are entitled to wear the silver-bordered BSA Ready & Prepared Award patch, and the unit is entitled to display the silver BSA Ready & Prepared Award ribbon. Apply for this award at the time of rechartering.
Award Requirements All instruction for and participation in activities for the BSA Ready & Prepared Award must follow all precautions and safety measures laid out in the Guide to Safe Scouting and other Scouting literature.
When a Boy Scout troop, Varsity Scout team, or Venturing crew has fulfilled the requirements, it should submit a completed award application to the local council.
A unit can earn the Gold Award this year, work on the remaining three elective requirements, and earn the Silver Award next year.
Mandatory Requirements Training
1. At least three registered adults in the unit are trained in Safety Afloat and Safe Swim Defense.
2. Two or more registered members, including at least one adult, are trained in first aid and CPR by a recognized agency such as the American Red Cross or the American Heart Association.
3. Every registered adult in the unit was trained in BSA Youth Protection within the past three years.
4. Within the past 12 months the unit has viewed the appropriate Youth Protection video.
5. "A Time to Tell" (ages 11 to 14) Date viewed
6. "Personal Safety Awareness" (ages 14 to 20)
7. All registered adults and all adults listed as drivers on tour permits for activities occurring during the past six months have read and signed the Driver's Pledge.
8. The Scoutmaster, Coach, or Advisor; assistant Scoutmasters, Coaches, or Advisors; and unit committee chair have in their possession and have read the most current Guide to Safe Scouting.
9. Unit members have conducted a safety check of their meeting place using the checklist in the Guide to Safe Scouting.
10. The unit first-aid kit was updated in the past six months and is complete.
11. During the past 12 months the unit filed all required tour permits with the local council. A national tour permit is required for all activities in which travel is 500 or more miles one-way. Local councils set requirements for travel fewer than 500 miles one-way.
Troops and Teams Only
12. At least half of the Scouts registered in the unit have earned the Traffic Safety merit badge.
Venturing Crews Only
12. All youth with a driving permit or driver's license have taken Venturing Out: Keys to Safe Driving online or have attended a group presentation.
Elective Requirements In addition to the mandatory requirements, units must complete three of these elective requirements to earn the Gold Award or six to earn the Silver Award.
Troops and Teams Only
1. At least half of the registered Scouts have earned the First Aid merit badge.
Venturing Crews Only
1. At least half of the registered crew members are trained in CPR by a recognized agency such as the American Red Cross or the American Heart Association.
2. At least 75 percent of unit members have completed requirements for the To Be Physically Fit BSA Award or the Quest Award. Details on these awards can be found on the BSA Web site.
3. The unit has filed a Unit Money Earning Application with the local council for all unit fund-raising activities occurring in the past 12 months.
4. At least half of the Scouts registered in the unit have earned the Emergency Preparedness Award (BSA). Details about this award are located on the BSA Web site.
5. Unit members have conducted a safety promotion within their community. Areas of interest include Climb On Safely, winter sports, bicycle safety, shooting sports, using tools and equipment, wilderness camping, and using fuels.
6. Each member of the unit has read chapter 6, Managing Risk, in the Fieldbook and has participated in a group discussion about what he or she read.
7. The unit has a risk management or health and safety officer. This position can be youth or adult. Attach a copy of the responsibilities of this position to the award application.
Resources BSA Youth Protection training for adults is available through BSA local councils, including online on most council Web sites. Youth Protection training videos are available through the Supply Division.
· Climb On Safely, No. 20-099B
· Safe Swim Defense, No. 34370A
· Safety Afloat, No. 34159C
· To Be Physically Fit BSA, No. 19-327
· Leader's Fitness Award, No. 19-326
· BSA Ready & Prepared Silver Award Patch, No. 17038*
· BSA Ready & Prepared Gold Award Patch, No. 17037*
· BSA Ready & Prepared Unit Ribbon, Silver Award, No. 17036*
· BSA Ready & Prepared Unit Ribbon, Gold Award, No. 17035*
Local councils offer periodic training in each of these programs. Contact the council for its current training schedule.
* Restricted items; order through your local council.